Millions of tons of wood waste are made every year, and this does not include green waste. So, where does all this waste come from?
Wood waste is produced from various types of building locations, such as new buildings and renovations, equivalent to almost 1 million tons every year. Most of this waste ends with other waste. Wood waste construction is very challenging because it consists of various types of wood, such as solid wood, laminated boards, MDF, pallets and plywood, for example. This makes it difficult to be recycled in the conventional way, because these different types of wood must be recycled in different ways.
Demolition of Waste
Each year, demolition of buildings results in an amount of wood waste similar to the construction industry. Much material from demolition can be found in rescue yards across the country, things like chimneys, fireplaces and bricks. When it comes to reusing demolished wood, factors that must be considered include health and safety and speed.
In the past, demolition workers loved to climb and cut floor beams using saws but for safety, demolition is now often done by diggers with claws that load material directly into the jump to be taken to the garbage sorting station. The result is that less wood is saved because it is not economical to sort through demolition waste by hand. Like construction waste, the wood is of various types, of poor quality and mixed with many contaminants.
Wood processing & manufacturing
This waste comes from places such as timber factories, furniture production, carpenters workshops and other types of woodmaking. Some of these small businesses produce only a small amount of waste and often find it easy to hand over excess wood to people as firewood, for example. The wood is also quite clean and not mixed with contaminants making it easier to recycle.
Larger businesses dispose of their wood waste by installing wood-fired heating systems. Shavings and sawdust can also be supplied to farms to be used as low-quality cow beds. Sawdust from the workshop is increasingly being recycled by being converted into compressed briquettes for hot logs, because they burn faster and are cleaner than logs. For more details on Briquetting Machines, visit https://iwmachines.co.uk/en/products/briquetting-machines
Pallets & packaging
Waste from pallets and packaging includes items such as crates, cable reels and boxes, for example. Most of the millions of pallets are damaged or cannot be reused for some reason. Fortunately, pallets are the cheapest and simplest wood waste to be recycled. They are most often untreated and easily transported, so popular with wood recycling centres.
About one million tons of wood waste is produced by domestic use. This is waste that is eventually brought to the tip or local household recycling centre. Either it is mixed with general waste and sent to a landfill or transferred to a wood recycler. Unfortunately, not much waste that can be reused comes from this source. This includes items such as broken furniture, old fences, kitchen units and parts of warehouses that have been painted or maintained in certain ways. Therefore, this is the lowest quality and cannot be reused.