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An Introduction to Eight Surface Treatments

Applying a finish to metal components can adjust their properties radically, giving manufacturers a vastly improved palette of solutions for manufacturing as well as improving a range of characteristics.

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Let’s take a look at some of these treatments. For a more detailed look, check out this in-depth look at surface treatments: https://www.poeton.co.uk/standard-treatments/.

Before any surfaces can be properly treated, it is important that all products should be cleaned properly in order that treatments can adhere correctly.

Heat Treatments

Metals have been heated and rapidly cooled to make them harder for centuries. Heat treatments can also be used to help eliminate any internal stresses which are caused by shaping.

Painting and Powder Coating

A great way in which to change the appearance of a surface is to paint or powder coat. Anti-corrosion paint can help protect surfaces from humid or salty environments. Some of these treatments work by creating a barrier, and others are dependent on chemical inhibitors to protect the surfaces.

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Dry Film Lubricants

A dry film lubricant can be applied to a surface to offer improved wear resistance. Using a liquid lubricant is no good if heat or electricity are going to be present close to the parts to be protected, so the dry film allows the parts to be lubricated adequately.

Anodising

Anodising involves changing the surface of the metal by way of an electro-chemical process. Aluminium is the most commonly coated material by anodising, but titanium can also be anodised successfully. Varying properties when anodising can provide massive differences to the results.

A great coating in its own right, anodising can also be used as a base for other treatments as well as providing artistic finishes. Another benefit of anodising is to provide resistance against the extreme heat experienced by aerospace components.

Hard Coating

Hard coating is a specific sort of anodising which takes place by using an acid bath at a lower temperature. The resulting coating is harder and more durable than that created by regular anodising.

Conversion Coatings

Using substances like hexavalent chrome to protect aluminium was once very popular, but this is no longer recommended under many different chemical regulations. Alternative coatings such as Surtec 650 are now preferred.

Thermal Sprays

High-energy equipment like plasma arcs are used to deposit a thin yet firm and tough surface layer. Thermal sprays are often applied via robots which have been programmed to complete the job in a very controlled manner. One of the most common materials which is used to coat metal via plasma spray is ceramic material. This provides exceptional resistance against heat and corrosion.

Plating

Surfaces are often treated by way of plating, which involves depositing a different metal surface layer over the first metal. This can be done electrochemically or autocatalytically. Generally speaking, the biggest benefits of plating include wear resistance and corrosion resistance. However, plating can also be carried out to improve the appearance of the metal, such as when things are gold or silver plated.

How to Grow Vegetables in Troughs

How to grow vegetables in troughs is an old-fashioned method, but it is still very much in use today. There are many advantages of growing vegetables in this way and there are also many disadvantages. The most important thing is that you will be able to see what is going on in your garden. Also, you will be able to determine how much water your plants need, whether they are getting enough sunlight or not, etc.

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Troughs provide a great deal of freedom to you when you are first starting out your gardening adventure. It is easier to watch the plants grow than it is to try to keep track of the crops that you have in the ground. By growing your vegetables in a trough, you can plant them at any time of the year. This is especially beneficial if you are a seasoned gardener as it is better for your plants to get the advantage of good growing conditions every so often.

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You will also be able to easily harvest your vegetables from your plants. Some people opt to just save the plants and replant them as needed. But, with a trough, this is not necessary. You will be able to harvest all of your vegetables without digging up and discarding every one. It is a great way to help stay fit and active into old age. This Homecare Gloucester based firm https://takefivehomecare.co.uk/live-in-care/live-in-care-gloucester/ focus on this kind of activity to make sure that you stay as fit and healthy, in body and mind, as much as you can be.  The height given by troughs mean that you do not need to keep bending down to the ground.

The Benefits of Finding Work Through a Care Worker Agency

The benefits of finding work through a care worker agency are numerous. For instance, most of these agencies will require that you have a valid government issued photo ID such as a driver’s license. They will also require that you have a recent resume and cover letter addressed to them from your previous employer. Your agency may also require that you provide references such as former or current employers. This is an attractive option for many workers as the agency will find employment on your behalf.

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The benefits of finding work through a care worker agency are many, and one of the best is being able to earn a living without finding clients yourself. More workers are now choosing to work outside for agencies as there is the opportunity for permanent positions. This allows them to combine work experiences and helps them develop skills on the job that they might not otherwise have had the chance to practice if they were on their own. For Care Jobs Stroud, visit Take five healthcare

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Another benefit is being able to make some money in your spare time. Many workers choose to work on an hourly wage or on a set amount of days for a set amount of time. These agencies will negotiate an appropriate pay rate for you and help you with flexible working arrangements should you have other commitments. If you are looking to supplement your income, this type of career is a good choice.

Jak powstają aluminiowe puszki?

Pierwsze puszki stosowane były w Stanach Zjednoczonych jako pojemniki na rezerwy mięsa i warzyw dla armii. Około roku 1933 zaczęto poszukiwać rozwiązania dla problemu utleniania się metalu, bez negatywnego wpływu na smak, aromat i wygląd przechowywanego pożywienia.

Początkowo używano puszki stalowe, które prócz dużej wagi, wymagały narzędzia do otwierania pojemnika. Rozwiązanie z kluczykiem (tudzież zawleczką) i nacięciem w wieczku puszki zostało opatentowane w 1959 roku i bez większych zmian funkcjonuje do dziś.

Foto: produkcja puszek

Początkowo używano blachy stalowe, następnie zaś blachy ocynkowane. Dopiero pod koniec lat 50-tych ubiegłego stulecia zaczęto używać aluminium. Pierwsze puszki ważyły ok. 100g, dzisiejsze zaledwie 20g.

Prócz lekkiej wagi, zaletami aluminium są m.in. fakt, iż w przeciwieństwie do opakowań szklanych czy plastikowych, chronią produkty spożywcze przed światłem, które może mieć na nie negatywny wpływ.

W produkcji puszek wykorzystywana jest blacha aluminiowa o grubości ok 0.2 mm. Po wycięciu koła o odpowiedniej średnicy (w zależności od pojemności puszek), następuje proces rozciągania i formowania puszki. Po tym etapie następuje proces obróbki powierzchni metalu – puszki kilkakrotnie oczyszczane są w roztworze kwasu siarkowego, by pozbyć się smarów użytych przy formowaniu puszek. Następnie wytwarzana jest warstwa ochronna, które również nadaje puszce połysk. Po kąpielach w kwasie, puszki są osuszane, a następnie malowane.

Pierwszym etapem malowania puszek aluminium jest nałożenie odpowiedniego lakieru, który ułatwia nakładanie farb. Puszki malowane są za pomocą sitodruku. Proces ten jest bardzo wydajny, pozwala na nakładanie kilku kolorów jednocześnie, w bardzo szybkim tempie.

Po zakończeniu malowania, puszka pokrywana jest lakierem akrylowym, który nie tylko chroni farbę na zewnętrznej powierzchni puszki, również pokrywane jest wnętrze puszki, dzięki czemu napój nie łapie metalicznego posmaku. Po kolejnym suszeniu i utwardzaniu lakieru, formowane są szyjki puszki, a ostre krawędzie są zaginane.

Kolejnym etapem jest produkcja wieczek puszek. Wycinane są koła o odpowiedniej średnicy, które następnie są nacinane, a ich krawędzie odpowiednio zaginane. Następnie wycinana i formowana jest zawleczka, która łączona jest z wieczkiem puszki za pomocą nitowania na zimno. Po wlaniu napoju, wieczko nakładane jest za pomocą prasy, dzięki czemu wieczko jest szczelne, a krawędzie odpowiednio doginane, sprawiając, że puszki są bezpieczne w użyciu.

Ważnym atutem aluminium jest możliwość jego wielorazowego przetwarzania. Zarówno skrawki metalu pozostałe po wycięciu puszek i ich części, jak i zużyte puszki mogą być wielokrotnie recyklingowane, bez uszczerbku na jakości samego metalu. Przetwarzanie aluminium jest nie tylko korzystne dla środowiska, ale jest też procesem opłacalnym.

Aluminium jest niezwykle wszechstronnym metalem, szeroko wykorzystywanym w niemal każdej gałęzi przemysłu. Od artykułów gospodarstwa domowego, po silniki samolotów; od branży medycznej, po wojskową. Dzięki zastosowaniu odpowiedniej obróbki powierzchni, metal ten ma niewyobrażalnie wiele zastosowań. Szukając odpowiednich technologii, warto sięgnąć po fachową poradę Poeton Polska, której przedstawiciele są do dyspozycji, służąc wieloletnim doświadczeniem i ekspertyzą, w tym w usłudze, jakimi są obróbki powierzchniowe.

How to Improve Employee’s Productivity Through Business Coaching

There are many ways to improve employee’s productivity. One of the effective ways is through business coaching. Business coaching is the process of guiding the employees towards achieving higher levels of success and competence. When there are employees who do not have the ability to achieve desired goals or targets within the company, business coaching can help them bring out the potential that they have. Business coaching is a good way for an individual to develop leadership skills, organizational behaviour, adaptability and other required capabilities that would help the individual reach higher levels in the company. For Business Coaching, visit Randall and Payne

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It is a proven fact that when there is a business professional who has a positive approach towards their job and the company as a whole, it is sure to lead to a boost in the overall performance of the business. There are several companies and business firms that hire business coaches for specific purposes. Some companies hire business coaches to help improve employee’s productivity in areas such as time management, cost management, team building and other related areas. Others hire business coaches to improve the employee’s performance in sales, customer service and other areas.

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The process of hiring a business coach for how to improve employee’s productivity can be tricky since there are many firms and businesses that advertise business coaches and professionals who promise to improve business operations. If you are in search of ways on how to improve employee’s productivity and improve the profitability of your business, you may want to hire a business coach.

The benefits of liquid silicone in injection moulding

Liquid silicone rubber (LSR) is increasingly being used for making moulded parts, often in applications where high-consistency rubber was used previously. One field switching over to LSR is the design and manufacturer of medical parts.

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LSR being increasingly used in medical applications

The idea of using LSR with injection moulding isn’t new; it was described in International Polymer Science and Technology some time ago. The technology has taken some time to be accepted, but product designers now understand that it can create new products with very complex geometry that wouldn’t be possible using the thermoplastics that have been used until now.

Moreover, LSR can be used with injection moulding to make custom parts. These include components for medical devices ranging from surgical instruments to machines that analyse blood. The silicone rubber doesn’t stick to the patients’ skin or hair, which is a great advantage.

Additions to the silicone

Silicone rubber can have a variety of materials added to it during its manufacturing process, and depending on the way it is made, it can result in a fluid, a compound or a polymer. The LSR used today is of high purity and can come in many different grades and types. This means that different textures are available for the end product, and different properties can also be achieved.

When LSR is used in injection moulding, it produces items that are resistant to sunlight, ozone, bacteria and radiation. In the medical environment, this is particularly useful. The finished products are hypoallergenic and will not cause allergic reactions in patients or medical users. In addition, the material has high tensile strength and is difficult to tear. At the same time, it remains flexible in temperatures from as low as -55 degrees C to as high as 300 degrees C.

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Silicone moulding http://www.meadex.co.uk can also be used to create items that are impermeable to oils and petroleum, have high optical clarity, and are self-lubricating. In addition, the silicone can even be infused with fragrances or pharmaceutical substances and will resist chemicals and moulds.

These are a few of the many advantages of using silicone to make injection moulded medical products and components. It offers designers more freedom in the injection moulding process and the ability to use a material that is more adaptable and flexible.

All you need to know about the trees that make our timber

If you have ever bought timber from a Southampton Timber Merchants such as https://www.timbco.co.uk/ you will have seen the vast number of choices that you have to pick from.  But are you aware of some of these fascinating tree facts?

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  • It can take decades for trees to reach their maturity. An oak tree tends to reach maturity after 25-30 years whilst an apple tree will reach maturity in around 10 years. There is no given timeframe as to when trees as a whole will reach a particular age, this always depends on the variety of tree and whether it is a standard size or altered size such as dwarf varieties.
  • Trees have a unique way of communicating with one another by using an underground network of fungi that help to share resources from one tree to another. There is a ‘mother’ tree that is at the centre of every network. These neighbour networks are also used by the trees to warn one another about pests that might be attacking trees in the area.

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  • It is thought that there are over 60,000 trees across the world with around 300 of these species being classified as critically endangered and many more on the endangered list.

Movies we grew up with

If you grew up in the 1980’s then you probably played outside a lot more than kids today and had the privilege of some watching some great kids TV shows that just don’t seem the same these days. Before the age of the internet, if we wanted to watch anything then it had to be the television or a film. Remember those big clunky video cassettes? Read more

Keeping computers safe and quick

Many computer users see antivirus software as a vital part of keeping their machine running safely despite the extra strain a large application running in the background puts on a CPU. With a vast range of antivirus software available, it can be difficult to decide which software ‒ if any ‒ to install.

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The right antivirus

An article by Whitson Gordon on the Lifehacker website discusses some of the common misconceptions about why a computer runs slowly and how to improve the speed. Gordon’s tips for a faster PC include not loading more than one antivirus suite, as this will gravely slow the computer without improving security in any significant way, and for users to take an active role in monitoring their computer’s programmes and software updates. Even a good, lightweight antivirus will not stop machines grinding to a halt under the weight of bloated and useless additional programmes and updates.  This can mean sitting for hours wasting precious time.  If your doing this 5 days a week then you will want to make sure you and your business invests in decent office and Reception Chairs at sites like https://www.bestbuy-officechairs.co.uk/reception-chairs/ so at least you are comfortable when sitting down to work through your antivirus.

According to the Guardian, a senior executive at technology company Symantec has branded antivirus software ‘dead’ in the face of new malware threats. Brian Dye bases this stark forecast on a calculation that antivirus software catches only around 45% of malware attacks, with over 50% of malware packages now too sophisticated to be thwarted simply by a firewall-type protector. As Symantec was a pioneer in antivirus and currently produces Norton suites, there is some credence to Dye’s insistence that his company is right to begin scaling down its antivirus work in favour of detect and respond programmes.

Software testing services

For the average computer owner installing one lightweight antivirus suite remains advisable. While Dye’s path for the future may eventually come to fruition, a properly protected computer will still keep out more viruses and malware than an unprotected one. Going forward, and companies who offer software testing services in the vein of Dye’s detect and respond paradigm will concentrate on testing programmes, tracking hacks and updating passwords rather than passively protecting systems.

For the majority of computer owners antivirus still has an important role to play, but overly-cumbersome suites can hamper the speed of systems. At this time the average computer user should look for a lightweight antivirus suite offering basic protection and should frequently review both their antivirus situation and the volume of programmes loaded onto their machine.

What are Laminate Wood Floors?

Laminate floors are a durable flooring solution that has four solid layers that are bonded together with extreme pressure and heat. The first layer is known as the backing or the stabilising layer, which provides the floor with stability and strength. This layer also makes it easier for the floor to be repaired when scratched or damaged, as it is harder for the wood to be pulled apart than say hardwood.

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The next two layers are the top coat or the outer coating, and they provide additional protection and durability. They also make the hardwood planks flexible enough to be used in any room of the home, but especially in high traffic areas, like the hallways and living rooms. However, laminate wood flooring is not a substitute for hardwood, and it cannot withstand extremely heavy foot traffic, which can damage and even destroy the planks. However, it does have the ability to be installed over almost any type of existing floor, although it will not be as durable as a solid hardwood floor.

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Some people choose this kind of floor because it resembles the look of natural wood, yet is durable, lightweight and easy to install qualities make it the perfect alternative for those seeking a low-cost and long lasting floor.

Laminate wood flooring has many benefits compared to other kinds of flooring, including durability, low maintenance, high traction, natural wood look, and affordability and you can find some greta options at places such as https://www.irwintiles.ie/wooden-flooring/laminate-flooring .

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