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An Introduction to Eight Surface Treatments

Applying a finish to metal components can adjust their properties radically, giving manufacturers a vastly improved palette of solutions for manufacturing as well as improving a range of characteristics.

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Let’s take a look at some of these treatments. For a more detailed look, check out this in-depth look at surface treatments: https://www.poeton.co.uk/standard-treatments/.

Before any surfaces can be properly treated, it is important that all products should be cleaned properly in order that treatments can adhere correctly.

Heat Treatments

Metals have been heated and rapidly cooled to make them harder for centuries. Heat treatments can also be used to help eliminate any internal stresses which are caused by shaping.

Painting and Powder Coating

A great way in which to change the appearance of a surface is to paint or powder coat. Anti-corrosion paint can help protect surfaces from humid or salty environments. Some of these treatments work by creating a barrier, and others are dependent on chemical inhibitors to protect the surfaces.

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Dry Film Lubricants

A dry film lubricant can be applied to a surface to offer improved wear resistance. Using a liquid lubricant is no good if heat or electricity are going to be present close to the parts to be protected, so the dry film allows the parts to be lubricated adequately.

Anodising

Anodising involves changing the surface of the metal by way of an electro-chemical process. Aluminium is the most commonly coated material by anodising, but titanium can also be anodised successfully. Varying properties when anodising can provide massive differences to the results.

A great coating in its own right, anodising can also be used as a base for other treatments as well as providing artistic finishes. Another benefit of anodising is to provide resistance against the extreme heat experienced by aerospace components.

Hard Coating

Hard coating is a specific sort of anodising which takes place by using an acid bath at a lower temperature. The resulting coating is harder and more durable than that created by regular anodising.

Conversion Coatings

Using substances like hexavalent chrome to protect aluminium was once very popular, but this is no longer recommended under many different chemical regulations. Alternative coatings such as Surtec 650 are now preferred.

Thermal Sprays

High-energy equipment like plasma arcs are used to deposit a thin yet firm and tough surface layer. Thermal sprays are often applied via robots which have been programmed to complete the job in a very controlled manner. One of the most common materials which is used to coat metal via plasma spray is ceramic material. This provides exceptional resistance against heat and corrosion.

Plating

Surfaces are often treated by way of plating, which involves depositing a different metal surface layer over the first metal. This can be done electrochemically or autocatalytically. Generally speaking, the biggest benefits of plating include wear resistance and corrosion resistance. However, plating can also be carried out to improve the appearance of the metal, such as when things are gold or silver plated.

How to Choose Between Apple and Android Operating Systems?

When one is considering which of the two operating systems to use for their mobile phone platform, the question often arises as to how to choose between Apple and Android operating systems. These two operating systems have been compared on several occasions and have often led to heated debates as to which is truly the superior platform to use. However, each platform has its strong points that can be pointed out. In many ways, the Apple and Android operating systems complement each other, and both make for very versatile mobile operating system solutions.

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Both these platforms are designed to provide users with a robust multi-media experience that includes both text and video. The applications offered by these companies allow for a great degree of customization as well. In terms of graphic design and multimedia features however, Apple’s OS X operating system takes first place. This is primarily due to the fact that it is free of any software that may limit the user’s ability to customize their device. On the other hand, Android offers a more open environment in which to operate, which allows users the ability to add additional programs and customize their devices to their heart’s content. For a vodafone store near me, visit https://www.kingcommunications.ie/

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The final decision as to which platform is the best overall one comes down to personal preference. The two platforms are extremely similar and there really isn’t much of a choice between them. Each operating system will appeal to a specific audience. Therefore, it is up to the end user as to which they feel is the most desirable of the two. Ultimately, the user must decide what they want to derive from their phone and which operating system will give them the best experience.

Operating an Ultrasonic Cleaner

Do you know how to operate an ultrasonic cleaner? These devices are a great way to effectively clean a myriad of items, whether around the home or for medical or industrial purposes. The ultrasonic cleaner operates in the same fashion as some cleaning machines but instead it uses sound waves. They are easy to set up, which is probably one of the best things about them. For more details on a Large Ultrasonic Cleaner, visit Hilsonic

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When you first look at an ultrasonic cleaner, you may think that it doesn’t make sense to purchase one. After all, there are many of these cleaners on the market, and they all have the same function. However, that’s not true. There are differences that can make a huge difference in the cleaning of your items and the results you get.

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First of all, when you start looking at how to operate an ultrasonic cleaner, you will notice that some are easier to set up than others. For example, if you are using the cleaner for commercial reasons, you might find that the larger models are the easiest to set up and operate. You might also find that some use suction power while others use manual power. This can make a big difference in how well the device works for you, so be sure to consider this as you look over the various models.

What is a Pneumatic Conveying System?

The pneumatic conveying is very popular in transferring bulk materials these days. The pneumatic conveying system works on the principle that the bulk of the material can be transferred from one place to another with the help of air and pipeline. The blowing air in the tubes exerts a specific amount of pressure on the objects being transferred. A difference in air pressure is kept between the starting and ending point to let the material flow with air. Conveying blowers and compressors are used to deal with the fluctuations in pressure. Find out more about Pneumatic Conveying Systems at a site like Aptech.uk.com

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The amount of pressure difference depends upon two factors.

  • The number of goods to be transferred present in tubes.
  • The size of the length of the path between the start and end point.

Types of pneumatic conveying:

There are the following types of pneumatic conveying base on the load being transferred by the system:

  • Lean phase pneumatic conveying
  • Strand phase pneumatic conveying
  • Dense phase pneumatic conveying

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Application of pneumatic conveying:

This technology was created to discharge grain from overseas ships in the past. After that, technology got fame and its application became wider. Now it is used in many fields. Some of them are mentioned in the below section:

  • It is used in the cement industry to transfer fuels and combustible dust.
  • It is used in the steelmaking industry.
  • The recycling sector also used this technology in some operations.
  • Power plants use pneumatic conveying for injecting substituting fuels in fluidized beds.

Protect your business from a bad host with these tips

Your choice of web host can make a great difference to the success of your business. Having a good web host means website reliability, increased traffic and improved SEO rankings. Hosting itself is now big business, with a plethora of companies offering their services for an increasingly low price. Unfortunately, all web hosts are not created equal, and there can be serious pitfalls if you choose a bad service.

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Bad hosts cost businesses

If you choose a bad host, you may find that you end up with a website that is often down, slow to load or leaves you exposed to security risks. These problems will cost your business, as they will drive away customers and negatively affect your SEO ranking.

There are considerations when choosing a web host for your business. It’s worth taking the time to compare features and prices. It’s probably wise to avoid a service that looks very inexpensive, but equally, there’s no need to opt for the priciest company either.

How to protect your business

A good move is to register your domain name with a second host. That way, if your primary web host goes out of business, you will still have your vital website name.

Look for hosts with a long trial period. These companies are likely to offer a good, reliable service, as they are confident enough to risk putting their money where their mouth is by letting you experience their web hosting with a guaranteed refund if you aren’t satisfied.

It’s important to protect your business by backing up frequently. This protects you in case the host suffers any unexpected technical difficulty, or if there’s a breach of cyber security. Where there’s a cPanel environment, such as web hosting through names.co.uk, backing up can be completed in a few quick clicks. Change passwords often to help maintain security.

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Finally, it’s worth being mindful of your payment method. Three main options are PayPal, credit or debit card. PayPal is an overall good choice, as it offers protection against fraud. Unfortunately, some unethical hosting companies may charge you if you try to leave. Your credit card may offer protection against any potential unauthorised charges, but it’s important to check your terms and conditions.

By adhering to these simple guidelines, finding a reliable web host should be straightforward, allowing your business to thrive online.

Maintaining Your Diesel Generator

Maintaining your diesel generator is very easy and simple to do. The only rule to maintain the performance of your diesel generator is to follow the maintenance schedules provided by the manufacturer of the generator. Following this schedule very strictly is the secret to a trouble-free life for your diesel generator. If your diesel generator works properly then it can last for long years and you do not have to do anything else.

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You just need to make some simple maintenance check ups on a regular basis. These simple maintenance checks can save you a lot of money. If you do not have a clue about how to maintain your diesel generator then you need to hire a professional maintenance company who will take care of your diesel generator maintenance for you. For more information on a Diesel Generator, visit a site like Gener-g, a supplier of Diesel Generator services.

When choosing an experienced maintenance company, you need to make sure that they are insured and they have a license to operate in your country. A license will help them protect themselves against any liability that might be faced by you should they harm or damage your generator while performing maintenance.

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After basic maintenance check ups, you need to replace the filters of your diesel generator. This step should be done regularly. The filters should be changed at least once in every month to ensure that the diesel generator is working perfectly. After that, it is important to keep the oil of your diesel generator as clean as possible to avoid any problems with the functioning of your generator in the future.

Some Shocking Facts About Electricity

Every day, we turned on the switch and don’t often consider where this power comes from or how it functions inside our homes. Electricity is incredibly versatile and yet we often take it for granted. It’s also bizarre to think that we’ve only been using it for a little over a century!

Electricity can do some pretty impressive things. It can occur in one location, which is called static electricity, or it can move from one place to another in the form of electric current.

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Static electricity normally occurs when certain materials are rubbed against something else. The best example of this is when you rub a balloon against your clothes. This type of electricity also produces lightning. When clouds full of rain travel across the sky, the air they move through rubs against them.

Simply put, an electric current means the flow of an electric charge. For the circuit, the charge is usually created by electrons moving inside the cable. It is involved in powering electrical appliances that you use every day, from mobile phones and laptops dishwashers, lamps and vacuum cleaners.

You can find out how much electricity you use by looking at your energy bills and giving your energy provider regular meter readings. For any electrical work in your home, consider an Essex Electrician. SM Electrical are Essex Electricians.

Here are some remarkable facts about electricity:

  1. Electricity moves at a speed of 6.696 million miles per hour.
  2. Electricity has an important part to play in how your liver is working. The cells in the heart muscle are contracted by electricity travelling through the body. An electrocardiogram machine that can be found in hospitals will calculate the electricity passing through the heart of a patient, showing a blip in a line for each heartbeat.
  3. What is the Volt? Unit electrical force, measuring the strength of the current potential.
  4. A typical lightning bolt packs 100 million volts.
  5. Tasers are commonly used by police around the world to put out a whopping 50,000 volts!

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  1. A burst of static electricity can reach up to 3,000 volts.
  2. The electric eel has been known to make strong shocks over 500 volts.
  3. The world’s biggest energy source to make electricity comes from coal but how does this happen? It is first placed in a furnace filled with boiling water. The steam that is produced spins a turbine attached to a generator or transformer.
  4. The biggest source to create electricity comes from fossil fuels, however, renewable choices can also produce large amounts of electricity, such as wind, solar and hydro power.
  5. The first electric vehicle that actually operated was constructed in early 1891 by an inventor in the US called William Morrison.
  6. Contrary to popular belief, it was not Benjamin Franklin who discovered electricity, but he did prove that lightning is a form of electricity.

Thanks to the invention of the lightning rod revolutionary in the 18th century, electricity is better understood than before.

 

How VR can help engineers

For a while. Virtual Reality (VR) was something found only in futuristic films and novels. But in today’s world, it is fast becoming an increasingly valuable tool across a range of industries.

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In the engineering space, Goldman Sachs has predicted that VR software that is specifically for engineering will generate revenues of $1.5bn by 2020, increasing to in excess of $4.5bn by 2025.

VR in the engineering sphere has given rise to the Cave Automatic Virtual Environment (CAVE) which enables full room configurations that can be used for walkthroughs and presentations – and all at a reasonable cost. This can significantly boost collaboration during the product development phase.

BIM

BIM technology trends will impact on how engineers work in the future, and VR will be an important part of that. To learn more about BIM technology, why not take a look at the website of an expert such as BIM technology?

Other benefits/uses of VR in engineering

Cost savings – whilst a CAVE setup doesn’t come cheap, it can realise some significant benefits and potentially pay for itself several times over through its savings in the long term. VR can replace some of the very early stages of prototyping, allowing engineers to manipulate individual components to check that they will fit with the overall product. They can also manipulate various tolerances and dimensions to see how different setups change the output of processes such as plastic injection moulding. Using VR for early design tests can reduce overall development costs.

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Design – for design engineers, instead of having to try and design 3D objects in a 2D environment, VR offers a much more accurate representation of parts or components as they actually will appear. VR offers considerable potential for the designers of the future.

Collaboration – CAVE setups create a virtual environment where designers, quality assurance specialists, engineers, and other stakeholders can work together in real space and real time. They are much safer than traditional environments as there is no risk from electrics or moving parts.

Presentations – entrepreneurs can bin their PowerPoint slides, and engineers and other creatives can scale-back on their descriptions and will no longer have to rely on potential investors being able to ‘imagine’ scenarios. Instead, VR offers a fantastic way to share the experience of a product/design with potential investors, colleagues, and other stakeholders.a

 

Would you pay for a Netflix video game? Microsoft and EA believe that yes

These days is celebrating E3 2018, one of the most important events of the year in the world of video games. In addition to launches and trailers, there have been several announcements that make clear where this industry is headed.

There are more and more proposals that seek to bring the streaming model, so popular in the music and film industry, to video games. Phil Spencer, leader of Xbox, believes that this is a future that is getting closer . Read more

Firefox 63 will make tracking protection more obvious and block the mining of cryptocurrencies

The developers of Mozilla continue to work to make Firefox the leading browser that was in the past and for future versions prepare a more than significant improvement in the protection against tracking that will integrate protection against cryptocurrency mining .

Anti-tracking protection, which prevents the collection of a user’s browsing information, uses a list to identify and block the crawlers it knows. This feature is used by default in private browsing , but its activation for normal sessions requires traveling to the Firefox privacy and security settings. Read more

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